Category Archives: Spiritual

Joseph of Egypt as a Type and Shadow of Jesus the Christ

Joseph Reunites with His Brothers
Joseph Reunites with His Brothers

In today’s Gospel Doctrine Old Testament lesson #12, “Fruitful in the Land of My Affliction”, I taught the continuation of the story of Joseph of Egypt. Joseph lived approximately 1700 BC and in many respects was a type and shadow of Jesus Christ. Below is a list of items I aggregated and modified from a variety of sources as well as my own personal musings*.

Type Joseph Jesus
Mother became pregnant through divine intervention Genesis 30:2 Matthew 1:18
Birth removes reproach from Israel Genesis 30:23 Like 2:32
Firstborn son Genesis 30:23-24 Luke 2:7; John 19:25
Birth marked the end of Israel’s exile (land vs spiritual) Genesis 30:25 Luke 2:29-32
Precocious as youth; taught elder brothers Genesis 37:5-36 Luke 2:42-51
Described as “beloved” by father Genesis 37:3 Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5; John 1:14
Good shepherd Genesis 37:2 John 10:11
Raised in the “promised land” Genesis 37:2 Matthew 2:23; Matthew 21:11; John 1:45
Testified to father about the evil of his brothers Genesis 37:2 John 7:7
Most loved by the father Genesis 37:3 3 Nephi 11:7; Mark 1:11; Mark 9:7; John 3:35; John 5:20; Matthew 17:5; Luke 9:35
Clothed in authority and power of their father Genesis 37:3; Alma 46:24 Hebrews 1:9; Psalm 45:7
Hated by brothers Genesis 37:4 John 1:11; John 15:25
Promised to have both earthly and heavenly dominions Genesis 37:5-11 Daniel 7:13-14, Micah 4:7; Micah 5:2; John 6:35; John 8:12
A dreamer and a prophet who was despised by his brothers Genesis 37:5-10 3 Nephi 20; 3 Nephi 21; Matthew 16:1; Matthew 24; John 5:18; John 7:1; John 8:6
Brothers refused his rule Genesis 37:8 Luke 19:14
Brothers envied him Genesis 37:11 Mark 15:10
Was “sent on a mission” by father Genesis 37:12-14 John 5:30-36; John 6:57; John 8:18, 42; Galatians 4:4
Responded to call to serve with ,”Here am I” Genesis 37:13 Abraham 3:27
Brothers conspired to kill him Genesis 37:18 Matthew 27:1
Brothers disbelieved in him Genesis 37:19-29 John 1:11; John 3:18; John 3:36
Brothers stripped him and mocked him Genesis 37:19, 23 Matthew 27:28
Cast into a pit, a symbol of the tomb Genesis 37:24 Zecharias 9:11; Matthew 12:40; Matthew 27:59-60; Isaiah 24:22
Brothers ate a meal while he suffered in the pit Genesis 37:25 John 13:1
One of the 12  wanted to sell him for profit (Judas is Greek for Judah) Genesis 37:26-27 Matthew 26:15
Betrayed with utmost hypocrisy Genesis 37:27 John 18:31
Sold for the price of a slave (20,30 shekels of silver) Genesis 37:28 Matthew 26:15
Was raised from the pit/tomb Genesis 37:28 Matthew 28:6; Mark 16:16; Like 24:6; John 20:1-17
Suffered before receiving glory Genesis 37:28; Genesis 39:1 John 13:12-17; Matthew 20:25-26; Mark 10:43; Philemon 2:6-9
Was taken into Egypt to avoid being killed Genesis 37:28 Matthew 2:13-14
Was returned from Egypt to the promised land Joshua 24:32 Matthew 2:19-23
Clothing was covered with blood Genesis 37:31 Mosiah 3:7; D&C 19:16, 18
Became a servant Genesis 39:1 Philemon 2:7
Worked hard, was blessed, and prospered Genesis 39:2 Luke 2:40
Became an overseer Genesis 39:4 1 Peter 2:25; John 3:35; Matthew 29:18
Resisted temptation and did not sin Genesis 39:7-10 Matthew 4:1-11; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 3:5
Arrested and falsely accused Genesis 39:11-20; Genesis 40:15 Luke 23:4, 14-15; John 18:38; John 19:4; Hebrews 7:26
Legal accuser believed in innocence but perverted justice to save face Genesis 39:19-20 Matthew 27:24
Found favor with his jailor Genesis 39:21-23 Matthew 27:54
Made no defense before the authorities Genesis 39:19-20 Luke 23:9; Matthew 27:14; Acts 8:32; Isaiah 53:7
Blessed those with whom they labored in prison Genesis 39:21-23 Isaiah 61:1; D&C 138
Separated from their fathers Genesis 39:31-35 John 20:21
Punished with two other criminals; one saved, one not Genesis 40:2-3 Luke 23:32; Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27; John 19:18
The one that was saved, forgot his promise for a while Genesis 40:23; Genesis 41:9-13 Matthew 26:69-75
Prophet who interpreted dreams/reveal thoughts Genesis 40:5-41 John 4:19, 29
Filled with the Spirit of God and great wisdom Genesis 41:38-39 Acts 10:38; Matthew 3:16; Matthew 4:1; Luke 4:1
Proved to be a great counselor Genesis 41:39 Isaiah:9:6
Granted ruler over all Genesis 41:40 1 Peter 3:22
Finally vindicated and exalted over world Genesis 41:40-42 Matthew 26:64; Acts 7:56; 1 Peter 3:22; Ephesians 1:18-20
Clothed with fine linen and gold Genesis 41:42 Matthew 17:1; Revelation 1:13-18; Daniel 10:5-6
People bowed to him and called him their savior Genesis 41:43 Isaiah 45:23; Romans 14:11; Philemon 2:9-11
Given a foreign bride Genesis 41:45 John 6:37; 2 Corinthians 11:2; Revelations 22:17
Given a new name that meant “savior” (Zaphnath-paaneah vs Christ) Genesis 41:45 Matthew 1:21
Stood as the source of divine knowledge to their generation Genesis 41:45 John 1:18; Matthew 13:10-13, 35; Colossians 2:3
Was 30 years old when began public ministry Genesis 41:46 Luke 3:23
Had unlimited resources to meet the needs of his people Genesis 41:49 Ephesians 1:7; 2:7; 2:4; 1 Peter 1:3; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 2:9; Romans 10:12
Appointed as sole source of life Genesis 41:55-57 Acts 4:12; 1 John 5:11-12
Gave bread to preserve Israel Genesis 41:55; Genesis 45:7-8 John 6:35, 48-58
Family was driven out of own land Genesis 42:1-3,5; Genesis 15:13 Daniel 9:26; Luke 19:41-45, 21:24; Fall of Jerusalem, 70 A.D.
Unrecognized by his people Genesis 42:8 D&C 45:51-53; John 1:10; Isaiah 8:14; Romans 9:33
However, he recognized his people Genesis 42:7 Jeremiah 16:17; Hosea 5:3
Tested people to reveal their true nature Genesis 42:25 Mark 11:30
Brothers bowed to him in fulfillment of prophecy Genesis 43:26-28 D&C 76:110
Recognized and accepted during the “second” visit Genesis 45:3 Acts 7:13
Judah interceded on behalf of Israel’s son Benjamin before Joseph Genesis 44:18-34
Revealed true identify after testing his brothers Genesis 45:1-4 Luke 13:35; Matthew 24:30-31; Revelation 1:7
Revealed as Israel’s savior Genesis 45:1-15 Acts 13:23; 2 Timothy 1:10; Isaiah 43:11
Became the savior of the whole world Genesis 45:7 John 4:42; 1 John 4:14
Was humble and unspoiled by wealth Genesis 45:7-8 John 13:12
Sat in judgement over brothers Genesis 42:9-25; 44:14-17
Gave mercy and pardoned repentant brothers Genesis 45:15 Luke 3:34
Brothers were favored in spite of their own bad actions Genesis 45:16-20 Ephesians 2:4-8; Philippians 4:19
After passing the test, Israel is gathered Genesis 45:22
Resurrected (was once dead but found alive) Genesis 45:26-28 Matthew 28:6; Mark 16:16; Like 24:6; John 20:1-17
Placed Israel in a promised land Genesis 46:28
Brought father’s blessing to gentiles Genesis 47:7 1 Corinthians 15:28
Bring all under the rule of the King/God Genesis 47:19-20 Ephesians 1:10-12
Through faith and obedience, he conquered the world Genesis 47:23 Revelations 20:2-6; Zecharias 8:3; Isaiah 2:3; Micah 4:2
Crowned with glory and honor Genesis 41:39-45 Hebrews 2:9; Philemon 2:6-11; Matthew 28:18
Believing gentiles are adopted as Israelites and blessed Genesis 48:1-5 Ephesians 2:12-14
Was given the blessing of the firstborn son Genesis 49:22-26 Hebrews 1; Colossians 1:16-18
Had a habit of returning good for evil Genesis 50:20 Matthew 5:44

*Sources:

  • Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment by Hugh Nibley
  • Joseph of Egypt by Mark E. Petersen
  • Gospel Symbolism by Joseph Fielding McConkie
  • Lost Language of Symbolism by Alonzo L. Gaskill
  • Stories of the Prophets by Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tha’labi
  • Garment of Joseph: An Update by Brian M. Hauglid
  • http://www.gracehome.com/files/Joseph_and_Jesus_Parallels.pdf
  • http://biblecharts.org/oldtestament/josephatypeofchrist.pdf
  • http://dtjsoft.com/joseph-a-type-of-christ
  • http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Articles/Mashiach_ben_Yosef/mashiach_ben_yosef.html